Strength & Power training
This is something that I am constantly telling the long distance athletes that I work with. Improving things such as force output (strength) and the rate of force development will bring about improvements in their sport (whether it be running, cycling, swimmings or rowing. "This is through decreasing the relative force (% of max) applied during the loading phases, thereby leading to a reduced metabolic demand for the same force output andcreating a motor unit reserve available for additional work" ( tone, M., Stone, M., Sands, W., Pierce, K., Newton, R.,Haff, G., et al). This basically means that because the muscles are stronger and have a greater capacity for work, the stress of the endurance sports becomes less of an issue for them.
So there you have it. It has been shown the VO2 max and Lactate Threshold can be improved (and therefore aerobic capacity) via longer periods of continous work and high intensity interval training. It has also been shown the strength training has improved aerobic capacity by increasing the capacity of the muscle. What sort of training you should do completely depends on your needs and the style of training you prefer.
If you have any questions regarding this topic or anything else please get in touch.